MySQL - Connect with PHP

Connect to your Public Cloud Databases for MySQL using the PHP programming language

Last updated 8th March 2022

Objective

Public Cloud Databases allow you to focus on building and deploying cloud applications while OVHcloud takes care of the database infrastructure and maintenance in operational conditions.

This guide explains how to connect to a MySQL database instance with one of the world's most famous programming language: PHP.

Requirements

Concept

A MySQL instance can be managed through multiple ways. One of the easiest, yet powerful, is to use a Command Line Interface (CLI), as shown in our guide : Connect to MySQL with CLI.

Another way is to interact directly using programming languages, such as PHP. PHP is used in almost 80% of the websites in the world, such as Facebook, Wikipedia or WordPress. MySQL provides PHP drivers, allowing us to connect and manage a MySQL instance from code.

In order to do so, we will need to set up our PHP environment with MySQL drivers and finally code in PHP to perform a few example actions.

Instructions

Setup your PHP environment

To interact with your MySQL instance with PHP, your development environment needs to be configured with :

  • A compatible version of PHP;
  • MySQLi PHP extension;

Please follow the official MySQL Drivers and Plugin to get the latest information.

If you can edit your PHP environment on your own, install extensions and libraries as detailed in the documentation page linked above.

On the contrary, if you benefit from a managed web hosting solution, such as OVHcloud Web Hosting offers, you need to activate the right PHP version on your web hosting plan. You can find a guide about modifying your PHP version for OVHcloud Web Hosting here.

We are now ready to learn how to connect to our MySQL instance.

Connect with PHP

Using mysqli

<?php
$host = "mysql-11xxxx20-o2xxxx53.database.cloud.ovh.net";
$user = "avnadmin";
$password = "K93xxxxxxxxxxxxxaBp";
$dbname = "defaultdb";
$port = "20184";

try {
  $db = mysqli_init();
  $link = mysqli_real_connect($db, $host, $user, $password, $dbname, $port, NULL, MYSQLI_CLIENT_SSL);
  $res = $db->query("SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE 'Ssl_cipher';");
  $rows = $res->fetch_all();
  var_dump($rows[0]);
  $db->close();
}
catch (Throwable $e) {
  echo "Captured Throwable for connection : " . $e->getMessage() . PHP_EOL;
}
?>

If you are connected, result should be like this:

array(2) {
  [0]=>
  string(10) "Ssl_cipher"
  [1]=>
  string(22) "TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"
}

Using PDO

Log in to your OVHcloud Control Panel and switch to Public Cloud in the top navigation bar. After selecting your Public Cloud project, click on Databases in the left-hand navigation bar, and select your MySQL instance.
Select the General Information tab. In the Login Informations section, download the CA certificate.

<?php
$host = "mysql-11xxxx20-o2xxxx53.database.cloud.ovh.net";
$user = "avnadmin";
$password = "K93xxxxxxxxxxxxxaBp";
$dbname = "defaultdb";
$port = "20184";
$options = array(
  PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CA => '/<path to>/ca.pem',
  PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT => true
);

try {
  $conn = new PDO("mysql:host=$host; port=$port; dbname=$dbname", $user, $password, $options);
  var_dump($conn->query("SHOW STATUS LIKE 'Ssl_cipher';")->fetchAll());
  $conn = null;
}
catch (Throwable $e) {
  echo "Captured Throwable for connection : " . $e->getMessage() . PHP_EOL;
}
?>

If you are connected, result should be like this:

array(1) {
  [0]=>
  array(4) {
    ["Variable_name"]=>
    string(10) "Ssl_cipher"
    [0]=>
    string(10) "Ssl_cipher"
    ["Value"]=>
    string(22) "TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"
    [1]=>
    string(22) "TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"
  }
}

Go further

Visit our dedicated Discord channel: https://discord.gg/PwPqWUpN8G. Ask questions, provide feedback and interact directly with the team that builds our databases services.

Join our community of users on https://community.ovh.com/en/.


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