Managing Helm charts in the OVHcloud Managed Private Registry

Find out how to manage Helm charts in the OVHcloud Managed Private Registry

Last updated 14 April, 2022.

OVHcloud Managed Private Registry service is a composite cloud-native registry which supports both container image management and Helm chart management.

This guide will explain how to manage Helm charts in the OVHcloud Managed Private Registry service: how to upload charts, list the available ones and use them.

Before you begin

This tutorial presupposes that you already have a working OVHcloud Managed Kubernetes cluster, and some basic knowledge of how to operate it. If you want to know more on those topics, please look at the deploying a Hello World application documentation. You will need to have Helm installed on your cluster (see the installing helm guide for more information).

You also need to have a working OVHcloud Managed Private Registry and have followed the guides on creating a private registry, connecting to the UI, managing users and projects, creating and using private images and using Private Registry with OVHcloud Managed Kubernetes.


Preparing a Helm chart

In order to do this tutorial, you will need a Helm chart to upload to your OVHcloud Managed Private Registry.

If you already have a Helm chart in your filesystem, you can use it for the example, but in this section we are suppossing you haven't any. We are using a well known Helm chart often employed as example: the WordPress chart.

Download the chart

The first step is downloading the WordPress chart using helm:

helm fetch bitnami/wordpress

The wordpress Helm chart is downloaded as a tgz file.

$ helm fetch bitnami/wordpress

$ ls

Inspect the chart (optional)

The file you have downloaded is a packaged Helm chart, useful for downloading it, and for uploading it to your OVHcloud Private Registry. Let's unpack it to have a peek inside it and get a better undestanding of its structure,

An unpackaged chart is organized as a collection of files inside of a directory. The directory name is the name of the chart (without versioning information). Thus, the chart describing WordPress should be stored in a 'wordpress/' folder.

Inside of this directory, Helm will expect a structure that matches this:

  Chart.yaml          # A YAML file containing information about the chart
  LICENSE             # OPTIONAL: A plain text file containing the license for the chart           # OPTIONAL: A human-readable README file
  values.yaml         # The default configuration values for this chart
  values.schema.json  # OPTIONAL: A JSON Schema for imposing a structure on the values.yaml file
  charts/             # A directory containing any charts upon which this chart depends.
  crds/               # Custom Resource Definitions
  templates/          # A directory of templates that, when combined with values,
                      # will generate valid Kubernetes manifest files.
  templates/NOTES.txt # OPTIONAL: A plain text file containing short usage notes

Let's uncompress the helm chart:

tar zxf wordpress-13.1.4.tgz

As expected, the file is uncompressed into a wordpress folder, with the required files and folders inside it:

$ tar zxf wordpress-13.1.4.tgz

$ ls -l
total 248
drwxr-xr-x  11 avache  staff     352 14 avr 08:43 wordpress
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff  126906 14 avr 08:41 wordpress-13.1.4.tgz

$ ls -l wordpress
total 256
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff    387 19 mar 16:45 Chart.lock
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff   1024 19 mar 16:45 Chart.yaml
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff  65131 19 mar 16:45
drwxr-xr-x   5 avache  staff    160 14 avr 08:43 charts
drwxr-xr-x   7 avache  staff    224 14 avr 08:43 ci
drwxr-xr-x  23 avache  staff    736 14 avr 08:43 templates
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff   5706 19 mar 16:45 values.schema.json
-rw-r--r--   1 avache  staff  45756 19 mar 16:45 values.yaml

You can now remove the tgz file, as we are recreating it.

To package a chart from a chart directory, you can use helm package:

helm package wordpress

It creates the packaged chart, with the version appended to the filename:

$ helm package wordpress
Successfully packaged chart and saved it to: /Users/avache/tmp/test-doc-k8s/helm/wordpress-13.1.4.tgz

Manage Helm Charts via the Harbor UI

If you go to the Harbor UI and click on your project, you will see the Helm Charts tab, that you will use to manage the charts inside your registry.

Manage Helm Charts via the Harbor UI

By default, it's empty, so let's upload a new chart...

Upload a chart

To upload a chart, click on the UPLOAD button on the top left.

On the upload dialog, choose the packaged chart file and click on UPLOAD button to upload it to your OVHcloud Managed Private Registry.

Uploading a chart

Now you will see the WordPress chart listed in your registry:

Chart uploaded

List charts

As you can see, the existing helm charts are listed under the tab Helm Charts with the following information:

  • Name of Helm chart
  • The status of the chart: Active or Deprecated
  • The vesion of the chart
  • The created time of the chart

You can click on the icon buttons on the top right to switch views between card view and list view:

List chart - Card view

List chart - Card view

Managing chart versions

Clicking on the chart name will show you the chart details, with one line per version of the chart. For each version you will have the following information:

  • The chart version number
  • The status of the chart
  • The template engine used (default is gotpl)
  • The maintainers of the chart version
  • The created timestamp of the chart version
  • The labels (if any)

Chart details

As with the top chart list, you can choose between a list mode and a card mode, by clicking on the icon buttons on the top right.

To delete a version, select it by checking the corresponding checkbox and clicking on DELETE button.

Delete a chart

Same thing to download a chart, select it and click on DOWNLOAD button to get the packaged chart file.

Download a chart

Of course, you can also go back in the project and click on the UPLOAD button to upload the new chart version for the current chart.

Labels are managed in the Labels section on the Harbor UI:

Create a label

Click on NEW LABEL button to create a new label. Fill the Label Name and the Description fields, tne lick on OK button.

Create a label

Create a label

And in the chart version page, you can add or remove tag for each version.

Adding tags

Adding tags

You can also filter by tag

Filter by tag

Chart version details

To see the details of a chart version, click on the link on the chart version number.

Chart version details

You can see more details about the specified chart version, structured in three sections. There are three content sections: summary, dependencies and values.

The Summary shows the README of the chart, some metadata (like the timestamp of creation and the application version), and helm commands for reference (to add the repository or instal the chart).

Chart version details - Summary

The Dependencies section show the dependant charts

Chart version details - Dependencies

And in the Values section you will find the content from the values.yaml file, with an option to see them as a key-value pairs list by clicking in the icon buttons on the top left.

Chart version details - Values

Go further

To have an overview of OVHcloud Managed Private Registry service, you can go to the OVHcloud Managed Private Registry site.

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