Utilizar S3 Object Storage con Nextcloud (EN)

Learn how to set up storage in Nextcloud to use a S3 Object Storage bucket

Last updated on 3rd January 2022

Objective

Nextcloud is a suite of client-server software for creating and using file hosting services.

This guide explains how to set up storage in Nextcloud to use a S3 Object Storage bucket.

OVHcloud provides services which you are responsible for with regard to their configuration and management. You are therefore responsible for ensuring they function correctly.

This guide is designed to assist you in common tasks as much as possible. If you encounter any difficulties performing these actions, please contact a specialist service provider and/or discuss the issue with our community on https://community.ovh.com/en/. OVHcloud cannot provide you with technical support in this regard.

Requirements

  • A bucket
  • A user with the required access rights on the bucket
  • Your S3 credentials (access_key and secret_access_key)

See our Getting started with S3 Object Storage guide.

Instructions

Configuration from the graphical interface

Activate the External storage support application

Click on your profile at the top right and then on Apps.

Main menu

Select the Disabled Apps in the left panel.

Locate the External storage support application and click Enable

Disabled Apps

Configuration

Click on your avatar at the top right then on Settings.

Main menu

  1. Select the External storage menu
  2. Create an Amazon S3 storage type.
  3. Name your destination folder
  4. Specify the name of your bucket
  5. Set the host as: s3.<region>.perf.cloud.ovh.net
  6. Set the port to 443
  7. Specify the region
  8. Activate SSL
  9. Enter your access key
  10. Fill in your secret key
  11. Validate

External Storage Amazon S3 completed

Open the Files application, select the External storage menu then your bucket.

Files External Storage

The result should be similar to this:

Files External Storage Bucket

Configuration from the CLI

First, the External storage support application must be enabled:

$ php occ app:enable files_external
files_external enabled

Check that S3 is supported on your installation:

$ php occ files_external:backends storage amazons3
  - name: Amazon S3
  - identifier: amazons3
  - configuration:
    - bucket: text
    - hostname: text
    - port: text
    - region: text
    - use_ssl: boolean
    - use_path_style: boolean
    - legacy_auth: boolean
  - storage_class: \OCA\Files_External\Lib\Storage\AmazonS3
  - supported_authentication_backends:
    - amazons3::accesskey
  - authentication_configuration:
    - amazons3::accesskey:
      - key: text
      - secret: password

Mount your S3 bucket on Nextcloud as a OVH_hp-bucket mount point:

$ php occ files_external:create -c bucket=hp-bucket \
                                -c hostname=s3.<region>.perf.cloud.ovh.net \
                                -c region=<region> \
                                -c use_ssl=true \
                                -c use_path_style=false \
                                -c legacy_auth: false \
                                -c key=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx \
                                -c secret=yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy \
                                OVH_hp-bucket amazons3 amazons3::accesskey
Storage created with id 4

Validate your settings:

$ php occ files_external:verify 4
  - status: ok
  - code: 0
  - message

Verify and update the settings if necessary:

$ php occ files_external:list
  +----------+----------------+-----------+---------------------+-----------------+---------+------------------+-------------------+
  | Mount ID | Mount Point    | Storage   | Authentication Type | Configuration   | Options | Applicable Users | Applicable Groups |
  +----------+----------------+-----------+---------------------+-----------------+---------+------------------+-------------------+
  | 4        | /OVH_hp-bucket | Amazon S3 | Access key          | bucket: "nex.." |         | All              |                   |
  +----------+--------------+-----------+---------------------+-----------------+---------+------------------+-------------------+

Start indexing the new storage:

$ php occ files:scan -vvv --path /admin/files/OVH_hp-bucket
Starting scan for user 1 out of 1 (admin)
     Folder /admin/files/OVH_hp-bucket/
     Folder /admin/files/OVH_hp-bucket/home
     ...
+---------+-------+--------------+
| Folders | Files | Elapsed time |
+---------+-------+--------------+
| 3       | 13    | 00:00:04     |
+---------+-------+--------------+

Set your bucket as primary storage

Edit your config/config.php file and add:

'objectstore' => array(
        'class' => 'OC\\Files\\ObjectStore\\S3',
        'arguments' => array(
                'bucket' => 'hp-bucket',
                'autocreate' => true,
                'key'    => 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx',
                'secret' => 'yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy',
                'hostname' => 's3.<region>.perf.cloud.ovh.net',
                'port' => 443,
                'use_ssl' => true,
                'region' => '<region>',
                'use_path_style' => false
        ),
),

Go further

Join our community of users on https://community.ovh.com/en.


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